A learning tool from http://www.pagasa.dost.gov.ph
A. Before the Storm…
B. When Thunderstorms Approach…
C. If Caught Outdoors and No Shelter Is Nearby...
Find a low spot away from trees, fences, and poles. Make sure the place you pick is not subject to flooding.
If you are in the woods, take shelter under the shorter trees.
If you feel your skin tingle or your hair stands on end, squat low to the ground on the balls of your feet. Place your hands on your knees with your head between them. Make yourself the smallest target possible, and minimize your contact with the ground.
If you are boating or swimming, get to land and find shelter immediately!
D. Protect Yourself
When a thunderstorm or lightning threatens, get inside a home or building, or inside an all metal vehicle (not a convertible). Stay indoors.
Stay away from open doors and windows, fireplaces, radiators, stoves, metal pipes, sinks and appliances.
Do not use plug-in appliances; hair dryers, electric blankets or electric razors during the storm. Except for emergencies, do not use the telephone; lightning may strike telephone lines outside. If outside, with no time to reach safe cover.
Do not stand beneath a tall isolated tree or other natural lightning rod. Avoid standing above the surrounding landscape. Get away from tractors and other metal farm equipment.
Get off and away from motorcycles, bicycles, scooters, golf carts, etc.
Do not use metal objects like fishing rods, golf clubs, etc.
Stay away from wire fences and anything high that would conduct electricity.
Stay in your automobile if traveling. If no buildings are available, get in a canyon,ditch, cave, or under head-high clumps of trees and shrubs. If only isolated trees are nearby, crouch low to the ground, about twice as far away as the trees are tall. When you feel an electrical charge- if your hair stands on end or your skin tingles; lightning may be about to strike. Drop to the ground immediately.
Persons struck by lightning receive a severe electrical shock and may be burned, but they carry no electrical charge and may be handled safely.
A person killed by lightning can often be revived by prompt mouth to mouth resuscitation, cardiac massage, and prolonged artificial respiration.
In a group struck by lightning, the apparently dead should be treated first; those who show vital signs will probably recover spontaneously, although burns and other injuries may require treatment.