“Mobilizing Calamity Survivors For Improved Access to Potable Water”


Project Beneficiaries

:  300 victim-families of the Feb. 17, 2006 Mudslide

Project Site 

:  Brgy. Guisaugon
   St. Bernard, Southern Leyte
   Region 8, Philippines


Philippine Partnership for the Development of
   Human Resources in Rural Areas (PhilDHRRA)

   Brgy. Kalunasa, Capitol Hills, Cebu City

   Tel/Fax No. (032) 2534200

   Email Address:

Contact Persons

Emilia Roslinda
   Chairperson, Regional Board of Trustees
   PhilDHRRA Visayas

   Luz Angeles Almagro-Blanco
   Regional Coordinator
   PhilDHRRA Visayas Secretariat

Co-implementing Partner

Southern Pacific Integrated Area Development Foundation, Inc.
    Hinundayan, Southern Leyte

Project Duration

:  1 year

General and Specific objectives of the project:

The project seeks to create opportunities among the victims of the February 17, 2006 mudslide towards building a community that ensures access to potable water for all. 

The project specifically intends to establish a Level 2 water facility at the relocation site that will service at least 200 families.

Project Background and Rationale

The province of Southern Leyte belongs to the Eastern Visayas region of the country and is facing the Pacific Ocean.  It is composed of 19 municipalities or towns and a city.  One of these is the town of St. Bernard, a 5th class municipality[1].   St. Bernard covers 29 barangays including Barangay Guinsaugon, the site where the mudslide occurred. 

Brgy. Guisaugon is one of the progressive barangays of St. Bernard.  It has a total land area of 3,439,6236 hectares with a distance of 9 kilometers from the center of the municipality.   Majority of he residents depend on farming as their main source of income.  Ninety-eight percent of the households had electricity.  This is the only barangays that has had a private pr-elementary school.  It had complete facilities like the day care center, a public elementary school, a health center, botika[2] sa barangays, playgrounds, a basketball court, barangays hall and women’s center.

The Municipality of St. Bernard is surrounded by mountain ranges, where Brgy. Guinsaugon is located at the feet of an unnamed mountain.   The municipality is also part of the geologic fault line, which is prone to earthquake occurrences and earthquake related hazards like ground rupture and ground shaking.   It is also frequented by typhoons all year round.  During rainy season and typhoons, the municipality is susceptible to rain-induced hazards like landslides, flash floods among others.  Its soil type is composed of loam, sandy and clay.  There is a greater possibility that these soil types also contribute to any induced hazards such as rain due to their chemical and physical properties.

In February 2006, Eastern Visayas Region experienced heavy rains for two weeks.  At exactly 10:45 in the morning of February 17, 2006, Brgy. Guinsaugon as hit by a mudslide.  The entire barangays was literally covered by mud that was estimated 30-40 hectares and an estimated depth of 30 meters.  The disaster caused a great loss on the lives of the localities of the barangays.  An estimated 286 households were inventoried from the 375 households registered in the barangays.   The families in the barangays have either lost both parents or a parent, a child or children.  Few families were all buried on the ground both parents and children.  In the surveys that were made by the local government unit (LGU), just either parents or just mother or a father orphaned 27 children, 19 injured, 140 dead, and 972 missing.  Among the most devastating effects of the disaster include the lost of lives and properties including farms.  At present, the survivors are evacuated to Cristo Rey School located in the center of the town.

Considering the grim situation the local people are now facing, several problems and issues need to be addressed at the soonest time possible.  Among these problems are:

At present, relief operation is still on going and site preparations for the rehabilitation have started.  To date, the local government of St. Bernard has already bought the relocation site for Brgy. Guinsaugon survivors.  The relocation is located in barangays Magbagacay, which is 5.9 hectares amounting to 3 million pesos.  The financial assistance for 100 duplex houses, which can accommodate 200 families came from Mr. Lucio Tan.  It is being constructed under the auspices of Gawad Kalinga, a local church-based NGO that specializes in socialized housing construction for the homeless.   The other 100 single detach houses will be provided by Red Cross.

As of March 28, 2006, there are 297 families and 492 individuals living in Cristo Rey School. 

For more that a month now, the survivors are dependent from the donations from food to other personal needs from private donors, which the management of Cristo Rey School and the LGU have properly administered. 

To date, the relocation site is being developed.  Housing construction is almost complete and turn over will be done towards the end of May.  It is projected that 54 families will then occupy the houses.  Their water needs are being rationed by the municipal LGU using the fire trucks. 

Description of the target group(s)

The target community is the survivors of the Brgy. Guisaugon mudslide.  The community will directly benefit from this project.  As the project will have various components, the members of the community will benefit at varying degrees depending on the services that each will access.

Description of main activities The project shall primaily undertake two major componens such as 1) Water System Development; and 2) Community Mobilization, Formation and Development.

A Preparatory Phase will be needed to formulate re-entry plans, establish management support on the side of the LGU, and develop commitment from the beneficiaries.  Essentially, the prepatory phase will include the following activities 1) initial meetings with the local co-implementing organizations; 2) staff mobilization and deployment, which will primarily involve the recruitment and selection either of new or old staff; and 3) orientation meetings with the targt beneficiaries.  Courtesy meetings with the barangay and town officials will also be undertaken as needed. 

Access to Potable Water.   Under this component,  a Level 2 water service facility will be contructed at the relocation site that will bring water closer to the relocation site.  A communal water facility will be established where the target community will eventually manage and the sustain the operation, maintenance and services of the facility.  To enable the local communities to manage their water facility, an appropriate institutional management and capacity building inputs shall be provided.  Local communities will be mobilized to ensure that the water service facility will sustain its operation.

A detailed construction plan and budget are attached.   The targeted beneficiaries will be mobilized to provide labor during the construction.  The technical support from the municipal and provincial governments shall also be generated.

The activities that will be undertaken in relation to the construction of the water facility include but not limited to the ff:

  1. canvass of construction materials;

  2. review of the engineering plan;

  3. creation of work committees at the local level;

  4. procurement of construction materials;

  5. actual construction activities; and

  6. monitoring of construction work and progress.

Community Mobilization, Formation, and Development.  The target community will be mobilized to collectively manage the resources made available to them.  Community activities will be undertaken to improve their sense of belongness and community building.  They will be organized to ensure that the water service facility will be properly managed and sustained.  Capacity building activities will also be provided to help them build their technical, managerial and organizational skills to effectively run the facility.  

Project Management Meeting and Reporting.   A project management team will be set-up for the project.  The team will meet at leat once every quarter to discuss operational matters as well as develop action plans for the next period.  A quaterly narrative and finanical reports will be submitted to the donor. 

In broad terms the project will accomplish the following targets:

  1. Install Level-2 water service facility;

  2. Developed a community-based water management system/mechanism that will take on the manaement of the water facility ; and

  3. At least 200 households will have access to the potable water ;

Project Proponent

PhilDHRRA traces its origin to a three-week regional workshop in 1974 in Swangniwas, Thailand when 120 rural development practitioners from 12 Asian and Pacific countries exchanged ideas on the method on how Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and government organizations (GOs) should in the process of developing the countryside.  A significant outcome of the gathering was the definition of the Development of Human Resources in Rural Areas (DHRRA) strategy in development, "small groups become big groups when linked together by a common purpose and their strong potential is seen within the perspective of small autonomous units pursuing their own development, in their own locality, and among their own people and community."

The Filipino NGO workers who joined the DHRRA workshop in Thailand convened a meeting in 1978, which resulted in the establishment of PhilDHRRA.  A small secretariat was created at the start.   As a pioneer in networking of NGOs in the country, PhilDHRRA’s initial set-up served as a forum for individuals from the NGOs, and people’s organizations (POs).   Its first major activity was the participation in the preparation of the Philippine NGO report for the World Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (WCARRD) held in Rome in 1979.

In 1983, the idea to formalize a national network was agreed among the original convenors.  In the following year, in a meeting attended by 32 representatives of different NGOs held in Cebu City, the national network of NGOs named PhilDHRRA was formally created.  It became a network of NGOs rather than a forum of individuals and friends in rural development. 

The Philippine Partnership for the Development of Human Resources in Rural Areas (PhilDHRRA) is a network of social development organizations working primarily in the rural areas of the Philippines. It is composed of 70 non-government organizations (NGOs), sharing the commitment to empower marginalized farmers, fishers, indigenous peoples and women and children in some two thousand villages in 72 provinces.  PhilDHRRA was established in 1984 and registered with the Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) with registration number 121553 as a non-stock, non-profit organization. 

The network promotes its rural agenda in the political and legislative arena.  It managed to influence the bureaucracy through numerous ways.  These include the appointment of some PhilDHRRA members or staff into government service and influencing breakthrough legislations like the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL), the Agricultural and Fisheries Modernization Act (AFMA), the Anti-Rape Bill, the Local Government Code or Republic Act 7160, the Indigenous People's Rights Act (IPRA) and Fisheries Code of the Philippines (RA 8550) among others.

PhilDHRRA is also an active member in coalitions that campaign to protect the much watered-down Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP), the pursuit of a genuine Fisheries Code and IPRA and work for various efforts in sustainable development.  Among these coalitions are AR Now!; PAKISAMA, a national federation of peasant and fisher groups,  CODE-NGO, Asian NGO Coalition (ANGOC), National Confederation of Cooperatives (NATCCO), Philippine Business Social Progress (PBSP), Upland NGOs Advisory Council (UNAC), National Fisheries Reform (NFR), Philippine Social Services Agency (PhilSSA), and Women and National Development (WAND).  It collaborates with some international groups, like Asian Development for Human Resources in Rural Areas (AsiaDHRRA), Asian NGO Coalition (ANGOC), the New Economics Foundations and the I/C Consult, to exchange information and improve the network’s capacities to perform various programs.

Our member-NGOs and PO partners now play strategic roles in local development councils to chart community plans towards the interest of the rural basic sectors. It is a recognized partner by government agencies and organizations, such as the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Department of Agriculture (DA), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Department of  Interior  and Local Governance (DILG), the Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP), and the Leagues of Governors and Mayors. 

Linkages with church, academe and media groups are also pursued for complementation and dissemination of rural development principles and initiatives.  Some of these partners are NASSA, AMRSP, PRESS, Philippine Federation of Broadcasters, Ateneo Universities in Manila, Naga, Davao, Xavier, and Zamboanga De La Salle University, University of the Philippines (UP)  Los Baños, various Agricultural State universities and colleges nationwide, AIM, AIT, and Cornell University.

Supporting these rural development ventures are our dedicated international and local funding colleagues.  Among them are BILANCE, Misereor, the Royal Netherlands Government, the Belgian Integrated Agrarian Reform Support Program (BIARSP), Lutheran World Relief, Philippine Development Assistance Program (PDAP), the FORD Foundation, USAID, German Development Service (GDS), Philippine Canadian Human Resource Development (PCHRD) Program, Asian Development Bank (through the Department of Education (DepEd and BFAR) and the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Reform (BFAR), Karl Kuebel Stiftung, International Development Exchange (IDEX) and many others.

Programs and Services

PhilDHRRA's response to the development challenge is the Integrated Provincial/Municipal Sustainable Agriculture, Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (IPSAARD), the network's central development strategy.  This is PhilDHRRA's brand for the generic development strategy Sustainable Integrated Area Development (SIAD).  This is being implemented on ground by PhilDHRRA's area-based programs and membership services.   The programs are in the thematic areas of Agrarian Reform, Upland Development, Coastal Resource Management, Participatory and Local Governance, Reproductive Health, Literacy Development.

PhilDHRRA's  membership and technical services available for members and other development-oriented organizations are: 

  1. Institution Building (IB).  PhilDHRRA is mandated to build the institutional and individual capacities of NGO members and their workers for a more efficient delivery of services to target clients.  One salient service that this unit provides to the member-NGOs is enabling them to become financially sustainable through engagement in income-earning activities.

  2. Project Development and Resource Accessing (PDRA).  Primarily responds to the needs of members and program-assisted POs for development and endorsement of project proposals to local and foreign donor agencies; monitors and evaluates funded projects; and conducts project-related training where needed.

  3. Gender and Development (GAD).  The unit actively promotes and institutionalizes the GAD approach in all facets of development work of PhilDHRRA member-NGOs.  Training, consultation and resource mobilization are given to support member-NGOs in addressing gender concerns.

  4. Research and Documentation.  R&D basically intends to provide support to the community-based programs to advance policy development and advocacy work, model innovation and knowledge building centers of the network.

PhilDHRRA's response to the development challenge is the Integrated Provincial/Municipal Sustainable Agriculture, Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (IPSAARD), the network's central development strategy.  This is PhilDHRRA's brand for the generic development strategy Sustainable Integrated Area Development (SIAD). 

Membership and Affiliations

PhilDHRRA maintains its membership with AsiaDHrRA, ANGOC, UNAC, NFR, WAND, and Education Network among others.    Being a network, its spread is all over the country.  The members come from the three geographical regions of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. 

The Visayas region has 16 primary member-NGOs. In Eastern Visayas Region, there are 4 member-NGOs including  the Southern Pacific Integrated Aread Development Foundation, Inc., (SPIADFI) which operates in the municipalities facing the pacific area.  Among tho provinces covered by SPIADFI are St. Bernard, Cabalian Hinundayan, Sogod, Hinunanga, and Silago.

Project Management

PhilDHRRA will work in collaboration with the SPIADFI.  At this stage, PhilDHRRA is assisting SPIADFI in accessing resources for the victims and survivors of the Guinsaugon calamity.  PhilDHRRA will provide supervisory, monitoring and coordinating role in the project.  SPIADFI and will be responsible for the overall accomplishment of the project targets and submits narrative and financial reports to the donor partner.  On the other hand, SPIADFI will be responsible for the day-to-day operation of the project and will directly report to PhilDHRRA on a regular basis. 

Proposed Budget


Total Project Cost

Local Counterpart

Amount Requested

1.   Potable Water




a.   Physical Structure




2. Community Mobilization,

Formation and Strengthening







3. Project Management
















Note : Local counterpart will be in the form of labor from the traget participants.  use of office facilities and euqipment and professional services of staff who will be involved in the project of the project.

[1] Municipalities in the Philippines are categorized from 1 to 6 on the basis of income, population and land area with 1 being the highest. 

[2] Is a local term for pharmaceutical outlet that sells local medicinal and herbal medicine.