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Arrival at W. Icheon
June 25, 2005

King Sejong the Great is the fourth monarch of the Joseon Kingdom (1392-1910). Sejong, born in 1397, ascended the throne in 1418, and died in 1450 at the age of 54.

Widely regarded as the most enlightened king in Korean history, Sejong is best known for his initiative to create Hangeul, the Korean alphabet (Hunmin jeongeum), a detailed record and explanation of the creation and use of the alphabet, was included in UNESCO's "Memory of the World Register" in 1997.). He also invented such scientific devices as a rain gauge, a celestial globe and a sundial, promoted the development of classical court music, and improved metal type printing techniques. He strongly defended Korea's territorial integrity by conquering northern tribes, constructing six frontier fortresses and subduing Japaniese marauders on Tsushima Island.

Sejong actively promoted learning and scholarship and had many valuable books published including Wolin cheon-gangji-gok, poems praising Buddha, Yongbi eocheon-ga, an epic about the founding of the Joseon Kingdom, Nongsa jikseol, a book about agricultural practices, Samgang haengsildo, a collection of stories teaching good morals, Paldo jiriji, a geographical description of the eight provinces, Seokbo sangjeol, a story about the life of Buddha, and Uibang yuchwi, an encyclopedia of medicine. He emphasized the development of agriculture and was deeply concerned with the promotion of welfare of the people.

Yeongneung, as the tomb is called, is the tomb of King Sejong and his wife, Queen Soheon. It was originally located to the west of the Heonneung tomb in Seoul and was moved here in 1469, the first year of the reign of King Sejong. In 1975, the government initiated a project to renovate and beautify the tomb to honor the king whose achievements continue to be a source of inspiration for creative cultural development. The Sejong Hall for exhibiting relics related to the king was built in 1977 as part of the renovation project.

The grand entrance gate to King Sejong's tomb.


A long path walk to the tomb of King Sejong (right photo).


A long climb to the stairs to reach the tomb of King Sejong (right photo).


A view of the park atop by King Sejong's tomb.

Suragan

A kitchen where the food offerings for the memorial rites were made.


Centennial President Nilo Nepomuceno assisted by two members
of RC W. Icheon walking back with Rotary Ann Yoly Salamanque.

Cheugugi
(Rain Gauge)

In 1441, the world's first rain gauge was devised at the suggestion of King Sejong (r.1418-1450) to accurately measure rainfall in an effort to foster agriculture.

 

Jagyeongnu
(Water Clock)

The first of its kind in Korea, the water clock was constructed so that water in a raised tank would flow down to a receptacle causing a graduated shaft in it to move upward with the rising water level triggering a device which would strike a bell, a drum and a gong on the hour.

 

Honcheonui

This is an instrument used to measure the positions in celestial coodinates of astronomical objects such as Sun, Moon and five panets.

 

Ganui

(Simplified Armillary Sphere)

A replica of Ganui, an astronomical instrument representative of the advance astronomical studies achieved during the Joseon Kingdom (1392-1910). A kind of armillary sphere, it could be used to accurately determine altitude and azimuth as well as the length of days and nights.


King Sejong

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