The RI Board of Directors officially adopted the RCC program in 1988, following its introduction in 1985 by M.A.T. Caparas from the Philippines, who was then RI President-Elect. The RCC was envisioned as an organization of community members who wish to improve the places where they live or work. Until 1999, RCCs were referred to as either Rotary Village Corps or Rotary Community Service Corps.
Although each RCC develops projects to meet its own specific community needs, all corps share four major goals:
To encourage individuals to take responsibility for the improvement of their village, neighborhood, or community
To recognize the dignity and value of all useful occupations
To mobilize self-help activities and collective work to improve the quality of life
To encourage the development of human potential to its fullest, within the context of the local culture and community